Geographic Region: West Asia
Country of origin: Turkey
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Kaval is a word used to denote a variety of flutes around southeastern Europe and Turkey. In Turkey, the term most often refers to ductless, end-blown shepherds pipes, made of wood, reed, metal, or even bone. The specimen pictured here was carved out of wood and bored on a lathe, and has a duct. It appears to be in the style of the high-quality flutes made in the town of Tokat, as ethnomusicologist Laurence Picken describes, although it may have been made elsewhere (1975: 443-4). It features seven finger holes in addition to the thumb hole, and two small sound holes are drilled into the walls of the flute near the distal end. A number of decorative rings have been scribed in groups along the instrument.
Picken, Laurence. 1975. Folk Musical Instruments of Turkey. London: Oxford University Press.
Last Modified: 03-Jun-2010TOP