Name: Steel Pan (Double Tenor)
Alternate Name(s): Double Tenor Pan
Geographic Region: Caribbean
Country of origin: Trinidad and Tobago
Climatic type: Tropical
Time period: 20th century to present.
SvH No.: 111.2
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This instrument consists of two drums with a "skirt" or side length of approx 12-16 cm (Blake, 110). The notes are "raised" from the concave bowl in an arrangement that varies the most widely. The lowest notes found along the circumference of the bowl are U-shaped, while the higher octave notes are either oval or circular-shaped inside. The double tenor pans must be suspended on stands or a rack to allow the drums to resonate and are played with moderately thick rubber mallets.
The double tenor has a chromatic range between F3 and Bb5, with 29 to 30 notes. Its range is one octave below the tenor pan.
Ellie Mannette, an early innovator for the Invaders steel band, is credited with creating the first double tenor pan. He created this design (along with the double seconds) in an effort to expand the range of notes in the early steel band (Blake, 110). It is used mainly to support the tenor melody while occasionally providing harmonic support.
See Steel Band.
Last Modified: 05-May-2005TOP